Intimate Partner Violence: What we all need to know

Posted On July 31, 2020
Categories Uncategorized

Intimate Partner Violence 

Throughout the United States, exists the alarming issue of intimate partner violence (IPV). The term “intimate partner violence” describes physical violence, sexual violence, stalking, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020).  IPV is an issue that goes across race/ ethnicity, gender, heterosexual, and same-sex couples, which is oftentimes called domestic violence.  IPV oftentimes is used interchangeably with domestic violence.  Domestic violence is the act of physical, sexual, emotional abuse, or sexual coercion by an intimate partner.

Causes and Risk Factors of Intimate Partner Violence 

There are contributing factors they may indirectly or directly place an individual at an increased risk of an IPV experience. A combination of individual, relationship, community, and societal factors are listed below:

Individual Factors            

  • Low-self-esteem
  • Young age
  • Low academic achievement/ stress
  • Low level of education
  • Alcohol/ Substance abuse
  • Personality disorders
  • Exposure of violence between parents
  • Witnessed or experienced violence (e.g., physical and sexual abuse) as a child

Relationship Factors 

  • Cohabitating relationship
  • Conflict or dissatisfaction in the relationship
  • Having multiple partners
  • Partner insecurities
  • History of an abusive partner

Community and Societal Factors 

  • Gender inequalities & social norms
  • Low social and economic statuses
  • Poverty
  • Weak community sanctions against IPV

Resources and Services 

There is currently an unlimited supply of services and resources for victims and survivors of IPV.  Student Victim Assistance is here to offer support to Georgia State Students who may need services. If you need to speak with someone, please contact Student Victim Assistance at 404-413-1965 or you may also contact the National Domestic Violence hotline at 1-800-299-7233, National Dating Abuse Helpline at 1-866-331-9474, National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 (TALK) and National Center for Victims of Crime 1-202-467-8700.